The following represent the principles, standards and practices that the Fourth Estate aspires to in our stewardship of journalism and the public trust.

We do not intend these as an additional legal burden on anyone working within the Fourth Estate, but rather as guidelines for all of us — consumers of journalism as well as its producers — in an evolving media landscape.

Our thinking has been informed by a number of sources, especially guidelines framed by these three: Society of Professional Journalists, the Poynter Institute, and The New Ethics of Journalism, Principles for the 21st Century, a 2014 book edited by Kelly McBride and Tom Rosenstiel.

What follows adopts the three main categories proposed by McBride and Rosenstiel. For each, the Fourth Estate has drafted its own principles, standards and practices that we believe are most relevant to our circumstances.